The Big Bang Mystery Solved?
Recently an item of profound discussion in the scientific community is the discovery of the ‘God particle’. Renowned scientists have likened this discovery to the first step of human on moon and the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus.
Why have scientists attached so much importance to this discovery? They believe that this is the key to learning the existence of matter. To know the secret of the beginning of all life, scientist worked for many years and in the mid of 20th century a theory was given named as “standard model”. To understand the God particle it’s very important to know about the standard model.
The Standard Model is a model designed to explain the particles and energy from which this universe came into existence. This theory states that after the big bang which gave birth to this universe there came a massive energy field within a hundredth part of a second. This energy field spread all around the universe and allowed particles like sub atoms to be passed on and able to form atoms, gave them shape and then these atoms combined and everything in universe was formed.
Every energy field has a single particle responsible for its functioning. Like the other energy fields this big bang energy field also had a specific particle which was controlling the interaction with every other particles around or particles passed through that energy field at the time of big bang, so it worked as a creator this is the reason this particle is known as “God particle “as this theory was given by British naturalist and professor doctor Higgs so energy field was named as “Higgs field” and that particle was named as “Higgs boson or God particle”
In other words you can say that Higgs boson is that particle which was responsible for the creation of matter in this world and if it was not there at the time of big bang there would be no chance of existence of life.
Before the invention of the God particles 11 other particles of standard theory were discovered so discovery of God particle was very necessary to finalize and prove this theory. This particle is the base of standard particle theory and in its absence the model can’t be sustained.
Professor Higgs just presented the theory and didn’t provide any practical proof in the year 1980 when only the concept of an experiment could be presented. It was then in the year 1994 when the European organization for nuclear research (CERN) accepted this proposal.
And thus it was after 8 years of extreme hard work that ten thousand scientists from more than a 100 different countries were able to make largest and most expensive machine in scientific history. The machine was made with the expense of 9 billion dollars and placed in a 27 km long and 575 feet deep tunnel under the border of Sweden and France. The machine was made for the collision of particles and was named as large Hadron Collider. In this large collider proton beams traveling with the speed of light collided and produced the conditions that prevailed at the time of the big bang.
After the discovery of this particle space in the void in the theory is filled now, but there is still some insecurity that the strength of the particle is not as great as compare to the particle expected. So doubts are still there and scientists are working to clear these doubts by colliding these particles again and again. It is hoped that if God particle is really discovered then many mysteries will be exposed and solved.